Pranayama - Controlling the Life (Breathing Techniques)
Pranayaam is a technique of breath control and variation which is carried out to develop and evolve the life force of a person. It is a word of the Sanskrit language composed of two words- Prana which translates as life force and Ayama as restrain or control of breath. This form of Yoga consists of a large number of breathing techniques which are practiced to produce specific results in a person. This technique has been mentioned not only in Hindu texts but also Buddhist texts.
This form of Yoga is known to act as a great cure for stress-related disorders. It is advised to follow this practise under the guidance of a teacher in the beginning stages until the practise has been firmly established.
Bhastrika Pranayama is said to be the best for heart and lung related issues. Audible inhalation and exhalation of breath is called the Bhastrika Pranayama.
Anulom-Vinolam is a type of Pranayama in which alternative form of breathing is done through the nostrils. This form of Pranayama helps in memory-control, blood refinement amongst other things.
Kapalbharti Pranayama consists of a normal inhalation of breadth followed by a strong exhalation of breadth. It benefits the organs of stomach, liver, pancreas, kidneys etc.
The primary technique of Ujjayi Pranayama is to calm the mind. This technique is used regularly in the practices of Ashtanga Yoga and Vinyasa flow.